Australian Culture And Customs
Business Culture and Etiquette in Australia | Today Translations
CULTURE & CUSTOMS. UNIVERSITY LIFE. GOING OUT. SHOPPING . LANGUAGE. ABOUT THIS BOOKLET. This booklet has been designed to assist students of The University of Queensland who are planning to go on exchange to France through the UQ Abroad program. It contains practical, cultural. One curious 'reversal' of this process can be found in a translation of Alice in Wonderland into Pitjantjatjara (Sheppard ). Somewhat less exotic are translations of traditional literature from other parts of Australia into local languages. Although a part of Aboriginal culture in a generalised sense one must wonder what. Current, accurate and in depth facts on Australia. Unique cultural information provided. + pages CountryReports - Your World Discovered!.
Shares borders with Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore and Brunei. The Malay language is an Austronesian language spoken not only by Malaysians but all Malay people who reside in the Malay Peninsula, southern Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, parts of the coast of Borneo, Cocos and Christmas Islands in Australia.
It is also very similar to Indonesian, known locally as Bahasa Indonesia. In Malaysia, the language is officially known as Bahasa Malaysia, which translates as the "Malaysian language".
The term, which was introduced by Australian Culture And Customs Language Converter National Language Actwas predominant until the s, when most academics and government officials reverted to "Bahasa Melayu," which is used in the Malay version of the Federal Constitution.
Malaysia is a multi-cultural society. The main ethnic groups are the native Malays as well as large populations of Chinese, and Indians. When visiting the country it is clear that the ethnicities retain their religions, customs and way of life.
The most important festivals of each group are public holidays. Although growing up, children are educated in the same schools and will eventually work in the same offices, few marry outside their own ethnicity. Families tend to socialise within their own ethnic group — all part of retaining their individual traditions and lifestyles. The family is considered the centre of the social structure.
As a result there is a great emphasis on unity, loyalty and respect for the elderly. The family is the place where the individual can be guaranteed both emotional and financial support. When one member of the family suffers a financial visit web page, the rest of the family will contribute what they can to help out.
Families tend to be extended, although in the larger cities this will naturally differ. Malays, Chinese and Indians all strive to maintain face and avoid shame both in public and private. Face is a personal concept that embraces qualities such as a good name, good character, and being held in esteem by one's peers. Face is considered a Australian Culture And Customs Language Converter that can be given, lost, taken away, or earned. On top of this face also extends to the family, school, company, and even the nation itself.
Face can be lost by openly criticizing, insulting, or putting someone on the spot; doing something that brings shame to the group; challenging someone in authority, especially if this is done in public; showing anger at another person; refusing a request; not keeping a promise; or disagreeing with someone publicly.
Conversely, face can be saved by remaining calm and courteous; discussing errors or transgressions in private; speaking about problems without blaming anyone; using non-verbal communication to say "no"; and allowing source other person to get out of the situation with their pride intact. Greetings in a social context will depend upon the ethnicity of the person you are meeting.
In general, most Malays are aware of Western ways so the handshake is normal. There may be slight differences though and a few things to bear in mind include:. Malay Australian Culture And Customs Language Converter may not shake hands with men.
Women can of course shake hands with women. Men may also not shake hands with women and may bow instead while placing their hand on their heart. Men and women may shake hands, although the woman must extend her hand first. Many older Chinese lower their eyes during the greeting as a sign of respect.
Indians shake hands with members of the same sex. When being introduced to someone more info the opposite sex, nodding the head and smiling is usually sufficient. Chinese The Chinese traditionally have 3 names. The surname family name is first and is followed by two personal names.
Malays Many Malays do not have surnames.
So Rosli bin Suleiman, would be Rosli the son of Suleiman. Indian Many Indians do not use surnames. Instead, they place the initial of their father's name in front of their own name.
If invited to someone's home for dinner, bring the hostess pastries or good quality chocolates. Gift giving to Chinese: If invited to someone's home, bring a small gift of fruit, sweets, or cakes, saying that it is for the children. Gift giving to Indians: Within the business context most Malaysian businesspeople are culturally-savvy and internationally exposes.
Your experience may very well depend upon the ethnicity, age, sex and status of the person you are meeting. The best approach is always friendly yet formal.
Welcome to our helpful guide for Australia. However, stick with standard terms; do not experiment with Australian terms. Facts and Statistics Location: While less than a quarter of Christians attend church weekly, around a quarter of all school students attend church-affiliated schools and the Christian festivals of Easter and Christmas are public holidays.
A few tips include:. As an extension to the need to maintain harmonious relations, Malaysians rely on non-verbal communication i. Such a communication style tends to be subtle, indirect and. Malays may hint at a point rather than making a direct statement, since that might cause the other person to lose face. This allows the person making the request and the person turning it down to save face and maintain harmony in their relationship. If you are unsure here the affirmative response you received, you may want to continue the discussion, re-phrasing the question in several different ways so that you may compare responses.
If the response was given because the Malaysian did not know how to respond in the negative without causing offense, this may come out. Alternatively, they may have someone else give you the bad news. Silence is an important element of Malaysian communication.
Pausing before responding to a question indicates that they have given the question appropriate thought and considered their response carefully. Many Malaysians do not understand the Western propensity to respond to a question hastily and can consider such behaviour thoughtless and rude.
Malaysians may laugh at what may appear to outsiders as inappropriate moments. This device is used to conceal uneasiness. Do not show anger in public as it makes Malaysians uncomfortable and creates a feeling of powerlessness. There is a greater chance of achieving a good outcome id you are calm, whereas little is resolved by shouting.
Meetings, especially initial ones, are generally somewhat formal. Treat all Malaysian participants with respect and be cautious not to lose your temper or appear irritated. At the first meeting between two companies, Malaysians will generally not get into in-depth discussions. They Australian Culture And Customs Language Converter to use the first meeting as an opportunity to get to know the other side and build a rapport, which is essential in this consensus-driven culture.
Did you know we also provide cultural awareness training courses about Malaysia? Are you a Culture Vulture? Sign-up to our monthly newsletter.
Search our blogs, articles, manuals and free downloads to discover something new. Home Country Guides Malaysia Guide. Despite the ethnic differences there are commonalities culturally speaking. Group Orientation The family is considered the centre of the social structure. The Concept of Face Malays, Chinese and Indians all strive to maintain face and avoid shame both in public and private. The desire to maintain face makes Malaysians strive for harmonious relationships. Etiquette and Customs in Malaysia Meeting and Greeting Greetings in a social context will depend upon the ethnicity of the person you are meeting.
There may be slight differences though and a few things to bear in mind include: Among all cultures, there is a general tendency to introduce: Names The way names are used also varies between ethnicities: Gift Giving Etiquette Here are some general gift giving etiquette guidelines: Gift giving to Malays: Business Etiquette and At Hookup Kristoff Tj John Chords Tayo in Malaysia Meeting and Greeting Within the business context most Malaysian businesspeople are culturally-savvy and internationally exposes.
A few tips include: Initial greetings should be formal and denote proper respect. If in a team, introduce the most important person first. Many Malays and Indians are uncomfortable shaking hands with a member of the opposite sex. Foreign men should always wait for a Malaysian woman to extend her hand. Foreign women should also wait for a Malaysian man to extend his hand.
To demonstrate respect Chinese may look downwards rather than at the person they are meeting. It is important that professional titles professor, doctor, engineer and honorific titles are used in business. Malays and Indians use titles with their first name while Chinese Australian Culture And Customs Language Converter titles with their surname.
Australia Facts and Culture
Business Card Etiquette Business cards are exchanged after the initial introductions. If you will be meeting Chinese, have one side of your card translated into Chinese, with the Chinese characters printed in gold.
If you will be meeting government officials, have one side of your card translated into Bahasa Malaysia. Use two hands or the right hand only to exchange http://datingfirst.me/naxi/two-of-us-hookup-service-hackensack-nj-police-contracts.php cards.
Examine any business card you receive before putting it in your business card case. The respect you show someone's business card is indicative of the respect you will show the individual in business. Never write on someone's card in their presence.
How to Talk Australians - Episode 1: ‘G’DAY KNACKERS’
Communication As an extension to the need to maintain harmonious relations, Malaysians rely on non-verbal communication i. Business Meetings It is a good idea for the most senior person on your team to enter first so that he or she is the first to greet the most senior Malaysian.
View image of Budgerigar, shortened to budgie by the Australians Credit: If so, you might also enjoy our guide to business etiquette in the UK. While an Australian may say, 'G'day' or 'G'day, mate', this may sound patronizing from a foreigner. Business Card Etiquette Business cards are exchanged after the initial introductions. If you will be meeting government officials, have one side of your card translated into Bahasa Malaysia.
This gives face to both parties as it demonstrates respect towards the Malaysian and shows that you respect hierarchy within your company.